Ethnicity of performers in pornography

Pornography based on the ethnicity of performers or interracial pornography is pornography that depicts sexual activity between performers of different ethnic groups.

Although ethnic pornography has always been a genre of pornography. Its popularity grew considerably during the 1990s, and in the 2000s it has become a prominent aspect of pornography.

Ethnic pornography typically employs ethnic and racial stereotypes in its depiction of performers.[1]

Ethnic pornography

Ethnic pornography intended for a general audience typically features members of significant minority ethnic groups, particularly those seen as exotic. Such people may be seen as sexually unattainable and therefore mysterious and exciting, or as promiscuous or sexually biddable. A viewer may be curious about what people of different ethnic groups look like with their clothes off, or in the visual contrast between people of different races. Ethnic pornography may provide extra titillation by breaking taboos regarding socially unacceptable ethnic or racial stereotypes, interracial sex, or old anti-miscegenation laws.

As an example, pornography catering to Westerners' curiosity about Arabs has appeared in the wake of recent conflicts between the West and some countries in the Middle East. A new genre of Iraq War-themed pornography, depicting Western men and Arab women, has arisen in the mid-2000s. Perhaps this was inspired by the recent military actions and influx of Westerners in the area.

Ethnic pornography may also be intended for members of an ethnic group who are interested in looking at people of their own group. For example, there are a number of Jewish pornography websites whose material seems primarily directed at Jews and Asian-themed sites that target East Asian men. There are also pornography websites aimed at the Arab, Indian and Pakistani markets, areas in which traditional morals and attitudes toward women make dating difficult or impossible for many young men.

Portrayal in pornography

See also: Stereotypes of blacks, Stereotypes of Hispanics, Stereotypes of Asians, and Stereotypes of whites

Ethnic pornography frequently depicts performers using ethnic and racial stereotypes. With few exceptions, members of each race are portrayed as having a high sex drive

Asian women

Sometimes portrayed as sexually submissive. Western film and literature has promoted stereotypes of Asian women, such as depicting Asian women as cunning and seductive "Dragon Ladies",[2] as servile "Lotus Blossom Babies", "China dolls", "Geisha girls", war brides, or prostitutes.[3] Japanese media have also at times sensationalistically promoted the stereotype of Japanese women overseas as "yellow cabs".[4]

Black Africans

The stereotype of virility and penis size of Black men are usually emphasized in ethnic pornography.[1]

Latins/Hispanics

Many Latin performers are categorized by race instead of ethnicity, and are described as white, black, mestizo or mulatto, or American Indian.[5]

Interracial pornography

In the past, some of American pornography's leading white actresses were allegedly warned to avoid African-Americans, both on-screen and in their personal lives. One rationale was the purportedly widespread belief that appearing in interracial pornography would ruin a white performer's career, although some observers have said that there is no evidence that this is true.[1] Adult Video News critic Sheldon Ranz wrote in 1997 that "we keep hearing a lot about 'the powers that be' that tell white women that it's not in their 'interest' to work with blacks. Is there any proof that Ginger [Lynn]'s scene with Tony El-Lay in Undressed Rehearsal hurt her career? Nina Hartley still gets lots of bookings in Southern strip clubs, especially Texas, even though she is an avowed interracialist."[6]

In recent years, interracial films have increased in popularity. Many of these films still include racial stereotypes, but the segregation of actors by race has diminished considerably.[7][8][9]

Racial fetishism

In academic discourse, racial fetishism is a postcolonialist term found in the writings of authors such as Homi Bhabha, Anne McClintock and Kobena Mercer. The term combines elements of the Freudian psychoanalytic fetish and the Marxist commodity fetish, and is used in the context of British and French colonialism and imperialism and their aftereffects. The term has as its origins Frantz Fanon's epidermal schema and Edward Said's Orientalism.[10][11] [12] [13]

Homi Bhabha defined the idea of a racial fetish in contrast to the idea of the Freudian sexual fetish which he describes a denial of difference, where the male sees the female as a castrated male, seeing missing parts rather than a different anatomy. Similar to Freud's idea of a fetish, Bhabha defines racial fetish to be a fixation on other races being not different, but lesser or "mutilated" versions of the white male.[10]

References

1. ^ a b c Luke Ford (1999). "Racism". LukeIsBack.com. Retrieved on 18 January 2008.
2. ^ Tong, Benson (1994). Unsubmissive Women: Chinese Prostitutes in Nineteenth-Century San Francisco. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0806126531.
3. ^ Tajima, R. (28 June 1989). "Lotus Blossoms Don't Bleed: Images of Asian Women", in Asian Women United of California: Making waves: An anthology of writings by and about Asian American women. Boston: Beacon Press, pp. 308-17. ISBN 0807059056.
4. ^ Ma, Karen (1996). The Modern Madame Butterfly: Fantasy and Reality in Japanese Cross-Cultural Relationships. North Clarendon, Vt.: Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0804820414.
5. ^ Rodriguez, Richard (18 June 1997). "A Cultural Identity". The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. Retrieved on 18 January 2008.
6. ^ (1997-04-05). "Stars Who Refuse Interracial Scenes". rec.arts.movies.erotica. (Web link). Retrieved on 6 July 2007.
7. ^ "Black/White: Sex, Race & Profit". SexTV (9 September 2006). Retrieved on 19 July 2007.
8. ^ Carroll, Rebecca (4 June 2007). "Savanna Samson: Becky & the Pussycats Debut Interview". PaperMag.com. Retrieved on 19 July 2007. “So many girls [in the industry] said, 'Oh you can't be with [a black man] it's gonna ruin your career.' I think that's insane. I love black men, so I was really insistent about being on camera in an interracial [situation] because I didn't want to be part of that mentality.”
9. ^ Cachapero, Joanne (15 July 2007). "Lex Steele Talks God on BET". Xfanz. Retrieved on 19 July 2007.
10. ^ a b Bhabha, Homi K. (June 1983). "The Other Question: Difference, Discrimination and the Discourses of Colonialism". Screen 24 (6): 18 – 36.
11. ^ McClintock, Anne (1995). Imperial Leather: Race Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. New York:: Routledge.
12. ^ Mercer, Kobena (1993). "Reading Racial Fetishism: the Photographs of Robert Mapplethorpe", in Apter, Emily and Pietz William: Fetishism as Cultural Discourse. Ithaca: Cornell UP.
13. ^ Fanon, Frantz (1967). in transl. Charles Lam Markmann: Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press.

External links

  • * Luke Ford, Racism, LukeIsBack.com, 1999—2005.
  • * Taylor, Charles (11 February 2002). "American Porn". Salon.com. Retrieved on 16 July 2008.
  • * Palmer, Brandon. "Gay Melting Pot". Klixxx Magazine. Retrieved on 16 July 2008.
  • * Mireille Miller-Young, Hardcore Desire: Black Women Laboring in Porn — Is It Just Another Job?[dead links], Colorlines Magazine: Race, Action, Culture, Winter 2005.
  • * Justin Quirk, "The New Porn Apartheid", Arena, February 2006 (page 1, page 2, page 3).
  • * Sugar, Sam (16 March 2006). "The New Porn Apartheid - Luke Ford’s Rebuttal Rebutted". SugarBank. Retrieved on 16 July 2008.
  • * Cachapero, Joanne (15 May 2006). "Ethnic Episodes". Xbiz. Retrieved on 16 July 2008.
  • * McGowan, Scott (11 April 2007). "Why Interracial Porn is Stupid and So are You (For Watching It)". EyeOnAdult.com. Retrieved on 16 July 2008.<
  • * ""Why Interracial Porn is Stupid" (And Why We Agree)". Uncomfortablepornstereotypes. Fleshbot (3 May 2007). Retrieved on 16 July 2008.
  • * Hamamoto, Darrell Y. (2006). "On Asian American Sexual Politics". American Sexuality. Retrieved on 18 January 2008.